Subaru is the automobile manufacturing division of Japanese transportation conglomerate Fuji Heavy Industries (FHI).
Subaru is the Japanese name for the Pleiades star cluster M45, or "The Seven Sisters" (one of whom tradition says is invisible – hence only six stars in the Subaru logo), which in turn inspires the logo and alludes to the companies that merged to create FHI.
In the spring of 1970, responding to a proposal from the power distribution department of Tohoku Electric Power Company, the Subaru dealership Miyagi Subaru completed a prototype model of a four-wheel drive remodeled Subaru 1000 van in approximately 10 months. For the rear-wheel drive system, the Nissan Bluebird drive system was utilized and a sedan semi-trailing arm was used for the rear suspension. After conducting running tests for actual road use, Miyagi Subaru brought this vehicle to Fuji Heavy Industries and proposed that it undergo production. FHI engineers immediately took in the proposal and got to work on design and production and the first prototype of the Subaru 1300G four-wheel-drive van was exhibited at the 1971 Tokyo Motor Show. Seven more Subaru 1300G van prototypes were later manufactured and vehicles were sold not only to Tohoku Electric Power but also Iiyama Agricultural Cooperative Association and Hakuba Village Office in Nagano Prefecture and the Defense Agency (current Ministry of Defense).
Tohoku Electric Power Company, which consigned the development, had until then used hooded jeep type four-wheel-drive vehicles in order to conduct maintenance/inspections of power equipment. During the snow season and so on, such vehicles were drafty, the heating didn’t work, they had poor fuel economy due to their heavy weight, and a great burden was thus placed on workers who used them. Accordingly, the company realized there was a need for a passenger vehicle-type four-wheel drive vehicle that was light and offered good fuel economy and was equipped with a cabin for offering protection to passengers from wind and rain.
The Subaru 1000, which had a longitudinally mounted and compact horizontally opposed engine with transmission located to the rear for driving the front wheels, realized symmetrical part-time four-wheel drive with a simple structure through fitting a transfer gear for switching between FWD and 4WD behind the transmission and also attaching a propeller shaft and rear deferential. This basic structure was subsequently inherited by the Leone and Legacy and became the starting point of the Subaru symmetrical AWD that continues today.

SYMMETRICAL ALL-WHEEL DRIVE system is designed to optimize both traction and balance. The entire system lies along the centerline of the vehicle, balancing weight distribution between the two sides to help provide optimal performance and control.
LINEARTRONIC® CVT It stands for Continuously Variable Transmission, and this innovative technology has been engineered to work seamlessly with the SUBARU BOXER® engine and Symmetrical All-Wheel Drive to help reduce fuel consumption. The stepless gear ratio allows the engine to run within its optimal power range for improved fuel economy, while its lightweight, compact design helps the vehicle stay as agile as possible. Select models also offer 6- or 8-speed manual modes and column-mounted paddle shifters to maximize driver control and engagement.
Available on: 2016 Crosstrek, 2017 Legacy, 2017 Outback, 2016 Impreza, 2017 WRX, 2017 Forester
The Japanese manufacturer was also the first to introduce electronic continuously variable transmission (ECTV) which replaces standard gears and gives smooth acceleration while reducing emissions and fuel consumption.
In February 1987, Subaru launched the Justy in Tokyo with an electronically controlled continuously variable transmission (ECVT) developed by Fuji Heavy Industries which owns Subaru, and Van Doorne's Transmissie in The Netherlands. One and a half years later in November 1988, Subaru also brought out the Justy 4WD ECVT, a Justy with part-time 4WD and the ECVT gearbox. Production was limited to 500 units per month as Van Doorne's could only produce this many steel belts for them. In June, supplies increased to 3,000 per month and Subaru responded by installing the extra volume into transmissions for their Rex microcar. In 1989 the Justy became the first production car in the U.S. to offer CVT technology. While the Justy saw only limited success, Subaru continues to use CVT in its kei cars to this day,[when?] while also supplying it to other manufacturers. Subaru offers CVT (Lineartronic) on 2014 Outback, Legacy, Forester, Impreza, and Crosstrek.
Some vehicles that offer CVT are the Ford C-MAX hybrid, the Mitsubishi Lancer, the Dodge Caliber, the Toyota Corolla, the Scion iQ, the Honda Insight, Honda Fit, Honda CR-Z hybrid, Honda CR-V, Honda Capa, Honda Civic, Honda Accord, Honda City, Nissan Tiida, Nissan Cube, Nissan Juke, Nissan Sentra, Nissan Altima, Nissan Maxima, Nissan Note, Nissan Rogue, Nissan X-Trail, Nissan Murano, Nissan Pathfinder, Nissan Sunny and Nissan Micra, the Jeep Patriot and Jeep Compass, the Suzuki SX4 S-Cross, and the Subaru Forester, Subaru Impreza, Subaru Legacy, and Subaru Outback.
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