AMO ZiL , (Russian "Zavod imeni Likhachova"), or the Moscow Joint-Stock Company "Likhachov Plant", and more commonly called ZiL (Russian: Завод имени Лихачёва (ЗиЛ)—Likhachov Plant, literally "Plant named for Likhachov") was a major Russian automobile, truck, military vehicle, and heavy equipment manufacturer based in the city of Moscow, Russia. The company still exists but no longer manufactures vehicles.

The factory was founded in 1916 as Avtomobilnoe Moskovskoe Obshchestvo (AMO, Russian Автомобильное Московское Общество (АМО)—Moscow Automotive Society).
ZIL-E-167 is an off-road truck designed in the beginning of the 1960s to withstand difficult conditions in Siberia, Urals and far east and northern territories of the Soviet Union. It could cross water and control its tire pressure, and was equipped with air cleaning systems as well as a 4.5 kW electric engine to pump water (in case of fire). It also had radio transmission capabilities. Built on December 31, 1962 and based on a modified ZIL-135 chassis, the ZIL-E-167 was fitted with two 7.0-liter V8 engines, both of which were located in the rear of the vehicle.
The ZIL-135 is a large, eight-wheeled military transport and self-propelled artillery truck produced in the Cold War by the Soviet Union starting in 1959. Its purpose was to carry and launch an artillery missile, specifically a FROG-7, from surface-to-surface. The ZIL-135 was widely exported to other communist countries, most notably North Korea, where it is a common sight in films and military marches. It also served as the TEL for the BM-27 Uragan artillery
The ZIL-131 is a general purpose 3.5 tons 6x6 army truck designed in the Soviet Union by ZIL. The basic model being a general cargo truck. Variants include a tractor-trailer truck, a dump truck, a fuel truck, and a 6x6 for towing a 4-wheeled powered trailer. The ZIL-131 also serves as a platform for the 9P138 rocket launcher, a 30-tube variant of the BM-21 "Grad".
The ZIL-157 is a general purpose ?2 1?2-ton 6x6 truck, produced in post-World War II Soviet Union. The ZIL-157 was the standard Soviet truck until it was replaced by the ZIL-131 and Ural-375 series that became the standard Soviet army trucks alongside the GAZ-66.

Внедорожные траспортные средства
(Land Locomotion – Mechanical Vehicle Mobility LL-MVM)
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