In 1969, Teledyne Incorporated acquired Continental Motors, which became Teledyne Continental Motors (TCM).
Continental Motors, Inc. is an aircraft engine manufacturer located at the Brookley Aeroplex in Mobile, Alabama, United States. It was originally spun off from automobile engine manufacturer Continental Motors Company in 1929 and owned by Teledyne Technologies until December 2010. The company is now part of Aviation Industry Corporation of China, which is owned by the government of the People's Republic of China.
Teledyne Continental HMMWV Prototypes
6x6 prototype was made by a General Motors subsiduary named Tactical Truck Corporation (TTC 6x6 the No.12 prototype).
4x4 was built be Teledyne Continental again as a competitor for the FMTV contract
Competition for AM General (a subsidiary of American Motors Corporation) was tough. Starting in 1979, 61 companies showed interest but only 3 submitted prototypes. The other two prototypes came from Chrysler Defense and Teledyne Continental.
The original M998 A0 series had a curb weight of 5,200 lbs. with a payload of 2,500 lbs. and was powered by a 6.2L (380 cu in) V-8 diesel engine with a three-speed automatic transmission. The three companies were chosen to design and build eleven HMMWV prototypes, which covered over 600,000 miles in trials which included off-road courses in desert and arctic conditions. AM General was awarded an initial contract in 1983 for 2,334 vehicles, the first batch of a five-year contract that would see 55,000 vehicles delivered to the U.S. military, including 39,000 for the Army; 72,000 vehicles had been delivered to U.S. and foreign customers by the 1991 Gulf War, and 100,000 were delivered by the Humvee’s 10th anniversary in 1995.
...“Humvee” prototype was submitted for testing to the Army by the Teledyne Continental Company. The design of this vehicle was done by Lamborghini who continue to make some commercial versions of it after providing this prototype (under contract) to Teledyne Continental. The engine is a diesel V-8 made by International Harvester, the transmission is a General Motors Turbo Hydromatic 400, and it has torsion bar suspension. Although this particular version did not win the contest is remarkably similar to current day Humvees in use by the military.
Chrysler’s concept was interesting because it was able to build an inexpensive, capable vehicle by using off-the-shelf parts. The angular body panels gave the truck a look almost like a modern, stealth vehicle. However, the flat look was actually just to make the tooling as cheap as possible to produce. Still, this Chrysler looked surprisingly futuristic for the early ’80s. It’s actually not too far away from the famous Lamborghini LM002, itself intended as a possible military-spec machine.
Obviously, Chrysler’s proposal never made it to production, but it’s interesting to think that if history had gone differently, this could have been America’s military vehicle rather than the Hummer. Fast-forward to the 3:35-mark in the video to get the full scoop on this forgotten piece of automotive history.
Known officially as the M998 Series and nicknamed the HMMWV or Humvee, this technologically advanced 1 1/4-ton, 4x4, multipurpose vehicle answered the armed forces’ need for superior mobility in a tactical field environment. It was versatile, mobile, and fast, and replaced an assortment of vehicles, including: some M-151s (1/4-ton utility vehicles [the last of the old “jeeps”]), all M-274s (1/4-ton Mules), all M-561s (1-1/2-ton Gama Goats), and some M-880s (1 1/4-ton pick-up trucks).
HMMWVs were tested for more than 600,000 miles over rugged courses simulating worldwide off-road conditions in combat environments. Drivers from the Army and AM General did everything possible to make them fail. They drove HMMWVs over rocky hills, through deep sand and mud, in water up to 60 inches deep, in desert heat and Arctic cold. Still, HMMWVs passed with flying colors.
The Lamborghini Cheetah was Lamborghini's first attempt at an off-road vehicle. It was built on contract from Mobility Technology International (MTI), which in turn was contracted by the US military to design and build a new all-terrain vehicle. The basis of the design came from MTI, and was largely a copy of FMC's XR311 prototype developed for the military in 1970. This resulted in legal action from FMC against MTI and Lamborghini in 1977 when the Cheetah was presented at the Geneva Motor Show. The XR311 and Cheetah could be considered progenitors of the current Humvee.
The Cheetah was built in San Jose, California. After initial construction, the prototype was sent to Sant'Agata so Lamborghini could put on the finishing touches. They decided to go with a large, waterproofed 180 bhp 5.9L Chrysler engine, rear mounted, with a 3 speed automatic transmission. The body was fiberglass, and inside there was enough room for four fully equipped soldiers as well as the driver.
The mounting of the engine in the rear gave the Cheetah very poor handling characteristics, and the engine choice was not powerful enough to be adequate for the heavy vehicle (2,042 kilograms (4,502 lb)), resulting in overall poor performance.
The only finished prototype was never tested by the US military, only demonstrated to them by its designer, Rodney Pharis. It was later sold to Teledyne Continental Motors by MTI and was eventually destroyed in a crash.
In the end, the military contract was awarded to AM General and their similar looking Humvee.
The failure of the Cheetah project, along with Lamborghini financial problems, led to the cancellation of a contract from BMW to develop their M1 sports car.
Lamborghini eventually developed the Lamborghini LM002, — a similar design, but with a 12-cylinder motor from the Lamborghini Countach mounted in the front.
In October 1988, the U.S. Army awarded contracts to Stewart & Stevenson, the Tactical Truck Corporation (a 50/50 joint venture between General Motors Military Vehicles and the BMY Wheeled Vehicle Division of the HARSCO Corporation), and Teledyne Continental Motors for 15 prototype vehicles each, these to be completed by January 1989. In October 1991 a five-year FMTV contract was awarded to Stewart & Stevenson. The initial contract order total was expected to be 20,000 vehicles, but this was reduced to 10,843 vehicles valued at USD1.2 billion. Some options were added and raised the total to 11,197 vehicles over what would be extended to 7 contract years. The first FMTVs were fielded in January 1996.
Between 1994 and 1996 Teledyne Emergency-One (E-One) manufactured 250 P-23 8x8 ARFF vehicles with a 3,300 gal. tank, 248 of which were sold to the United States Air Force.
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