Tatra is a Czech manufacturer producing vehicles in Koprivnice. The company was founded in 1850 as Ignatz Schustala & Comp., later renamed Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau-Fabriksgesellschaft when it became a wagon and carriage manufacturer. In 1921, it changed its name to Koprivnicka vozovka a.s., and in 1919 changed from the Nesselsdorfer marque to the Tatra badge, named after the nearby Tatra Mountains on the Polish-Czechoslovak border at the time (now this range is on the Polish-Slovak border).
Ignac Sustala (1822Ц1891), founder of the company in Koprivnice, Moravia, started the production of horse-drawn vehicles in 1850. In 1891 he branched out into railroad car manufacture, naming the company Nesselsdorfer Wagenbau-Fabriksgesellschaft, and employed Hugo Fischer von Roeslerstamm as technical director in 1890. After the death of Sustala, von Roeslerstamm took over running the company and in 1897 he bought a Benz automobile. Using this for inspiration, the company made its first car, the Prasident, which was exhibited in 1897 in Vienna. Orders were obtained for more cars and under the direction of engineers Hans Ledwinka and Edmund Rumpler,[3] ten improved cars were made.[citation needed]
The first car to be totally designed by Ledwinka came in 1900 with the Type A with rear-mounted 2714 cc engine and top speed of 40 kilometres per hour (25 mph), 22 units were built. This was followed by the Type B with central engine in 1902 but then Ledwinka left the company to concentrate on steam engine development. He returned in 1905 and designed a completely new car, the Type S with 3308 cc 4-cylinder engine. Production was badly hit in 1912 with a 23-week strike and Hugo Fischer von Roeslerstam left the company.
Ledwinka returned to Tatra company (originally Nesselsdorfer-Wagenbau) in Koprivnice (Nesselsdorf), then in Czechoslovakia, now in Czech Republic, and between 1921 and 1937 he was their chief design engineer. He invented the frameless central tubular chassis (so-called "backbone chassis") with swing axles, fully independent suspension and rear-mounted air-cooled flat engine.
1923Ц1938 Tatra concept
After the introduction of Tatra 11 and Tatra 12 cars with their distinctive backbone tube design and swing axles, Tatra introduced its first truck on the same basis, the light utility Tatra 13 cargo capacity. Further models followed and in 1926 T23 and T24 were introduced nicknamed "bulldogs" which could be considered Tatra's precursors to COE designed trucks. Improved version T13 introduced as T26 with six-wheeler chassis created capable offroad light utility truck which later evolved into T72 model which was heavily used by Czechoslovakian army at the time and was also manufactured under license by the French company Lorraine-Dietrich. In 1933 Tatra build limited series of T25 heavy artillery hauler with 4 and 6-cylinder petrol engines. The most popular Tatra truck before World War II was type T27 (4x2) powered by 4-cylinder petrol or diesel engines and remained in production for nearly 17 years (1930Ц1947) with total production of 7,620 units, by adding an extra axle to the rear the type T28 was created however, it was not successful and only limited production resulted in a mainly bus chassis. In the period from 1931 to 1938 Tatra also built a small utility truck based on the chassis from T30 named Tatra T43 which remain popular with small business owners. T72 model successfully continued the line to T82 built mainly for military in cargo and personnel transport between 1935 and 1938 and further to T92 and T93 built for the Romanian army from 1938 to 1941 which were identical except T93 had also a driven front axle.

Tatra TineLine 1850-2013
Ledwinka returned to Tatra company (originally Nesselsdorfer-Wagenbau) in Koprivnice (Nesselsdorf), then in Czechoslovakia, now in Czech Republic, and between 1921 and 1937 he was their chief design engineer. He invented the frameless central tubular chassis (so-called "backbone chassis") with swing axles, fully independent suspension and rear-mounted air-cooled flat engine. Another of Ledwinka's major contributions to automobile design was the development of the streamlined car body. Under him, Tatra brought to market the first streamlined cars that had been mass-produced. Together with his son Erich, who took over as chief designer at Tatra, Ledwinka and Erich Ubelacker, a German engineer also employed by Tatra, designed the streamlined Tatra models T77, T77a, T87, and T97. All of these models had rear mounted, air-cooled engines.
Tatra Defence: T 815-780R59 19 270 4x4.1R, T 810-1R0R26 13 177 6х6.1R, T 158-8P5R33.391 6х6.2,T 815-7Z0R9T 44 440 8x8.1R, T 815-790R99 38 300 8x8.1R
LineUp. Tatra 813 Further development of the T813 became the Tatra T815, which is also named the Kolos. Its Production of the T815 commenced in 1983.
Tatra 813 6x6 Heavy Hauage Tractor
TATRA TRUCKS, a.s , List TATRA introduced the T816 FORCE family in 1996 and the T815 ARMAX family in 1998 as part of the continued evolution of the T815 series introduced in 1983.
The FORCE family comprises purpose-designed trucks for military applications. The ARMAX family is based around commercially available designs, militarised as required but constructed to comply with all relevant legislation.
There are a number of common components shared by both designs, including the cab, torsionally rigid tubular backbone-type frameless chassis and the swinging half-axle independent wheel suspension system.
The FORCE family is powered by high power output (more than 400hp) water-cooled engine options including Cummins and Deutz, an MTU unit offered in the 135-tonne-plus GCW NET. Hub-reduction gearing and automatic transmissions are standard, usually Twin Disc units.
The ARMAX family is powered by EURO ll/lll emissions-compliant TATRA V-8 air-cooled diesel engines producing between 313hp and 408hp. Water-cooling is an option, with power outputs ranging from 265-350hp. The main gearbox is model-dependant and eitheraTATRA10TS130or10TS160 manual with 10 forward and two reverse gears, or a 14TS210L(T) with 14 forward and two reverse gears. A two-speed transfer box is standard; a single-speed unit is optional.
The most recent contract award to TATRA from the Czech government was for 633 ARMAX range trucks for delivery between 2003 and 2008. The overall contract value, including bodies and superstructures, is $206 million. The 4 x 4 and 6 x 6 chassis are involved, with the possibility of some 8x8 LHS-equipped chassis. The use of a tubular chassis permits the TATRA design a degree of modularity and 10 x 10 (25.1 -tonne payload) and 12 x 12 (26.56-tonne payload) FORCE family chassis are in production. India is the likely customer, where such chassis could be used to mount the Smerch MRS (10x10) and PJ-10 BrahMos (12x12) surface-to-surface missile. India's Bharat Earth Movers Ltd (BEML) is TATRA's largest military customer and has a licensing agreement to produce 4 x 4,6 x 6 and 8 x 8 T815 chassis.
A TATRA FORCE family design, the Medium Tactical Truck (MTT), to be assembled in the US by the American Truck Company (ATC), was selected by the IDF in 2003.
The backbone of the current production programme is the TATRA TERRN0 1 Facelift civilian version range (2010) with versions with 4x4, 6x6 and 8x8 chassis using all the modern TATRA design features, including the semi-automatic TATRA-Norgren transmission.
TALOSA s.r.o.The manufacturer of propulsion parts for Off-Road vehicles and special racing TATRA trucks, an authorised service center for TATRA trucks and renovation and service of TATRA cars/trucks and engines. TALOSA s.r.o. delivers prototype automotive parts for Off-Road vehicle propulsion right from the engine to the wheel unit exactly as per your requirements and help you to optimize the future serial production with the inclusion of the production materials and production costs. The experts from TALOSA s.r.o. implement complete solutions based on years of experience with development of Off-Road vehicle prototype (from the feasibility study including the basic technical parameters and costs estimation to the introduction of the serial production).
Tatra has built an 18 m long, eight axle 16?8 truck for the Streicher drilling company. Not less than six axles are steerable with the two central axles fitted with twin wheels. The 18 m long truck is powered by a 32 litre 1100 bhp Caterpillar engine. It is the largst vehicle ever built in the Czech Republic/Czechoslovakia.
Tatra Military, The ARMAX (1999) and FORCE (1999) model ranges appeared. The first was the T 815-2 which adopted the name TERRN0 1 and was based on civilian production (1997)

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