TAM (Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor) was a Yugoslavian and Slovenian commercial vehicle manufacturer based in the city of Maribor. The foundation stone of the today's company is the factory of aircraft components built in 1942 for the needs of the German war industry. After the Second World War a decree was issued in 1945, namely that the Maribor - Tezno aircraft component factory was to start with the production of commercial vehicles. In 1946 it was renamed Maribor-Tezno Automotive Factory thus becoming the first automotive company in the country. The year 1947 was the beginning of the manufacture of the Pionir trucks upon the Czech licence. In 1957, a licence agreement was signed with the company Magirus-Deutz on the manufacture of higher carrying capacity trucks and the name of the factory was changed into Automobile and Engine Factory Maribor (TAM).
Parallel with the development of the economy the company grew, developed and changed and so did its activities. The company soon became the largest manufacturer of trucks, buses and engines in the country and an important driving force in the development of the Maribor region. The company was the founder of the Industrial Metallurgical School and a co-founder of the Technical Faculty. In other areas too the links between the city and the factory became closely intertwined and complex.
The events in the Eastern Europe which occurred in 1991 resulted in many changes in the Company operations. The Company moved from its traditional markets and shifted to the new ones. The existing organizational form of the Company was not suitable any longer which is why several reorganizations took place. In 1996, M.P.P. companies were established which took over the core activity of TAM.
In June 1996, the Slovene Development Corporation set up the companies called M.P.Ps and among them also M.P.P. Vozila ("Vehicles") and M.P.P. Razvoj "Development"), operating until 2001 as independent companies, though maintaining close links with each other throughout that period. MPP Razvoj specialised in development and manufacture of buses, M.P.P. Vozila, however, in manufacture and sale of buses, trucks and farm tractors. The greatest achievement in this period was the development of a new trademark -MARBUS and two new bus families, a new special-purpose off-road vehicle and signing of a co-operation agreement with the German farm tractor producer, the company Holder.
In April 2001, the Slovene Development Corporation sets up the company TOVARNA VOZIL MARIBOR ("FACTORY OF VEHICLES MARIBOR") .
In May, M.P.P RAZVOJ and M.P.P. VOZILA merge with TOVARNA VOZIL MARIBOR. In June, the construction of the new factory's premises starts.
The company ended in bankruptcy in 2011
The TAM logo resembled a three-leafed clover standing on point, with each lobe containing one letter of the acronym and a small five-pointed star occupying the center.
The Tatrapan armored personnel carrier is based on the Tatra T815 Kolos 6x6 heavy utility truck chassis. It is worth mentioning that front and end of the vehicle are swapped. It is powered by a Tatra T3-930-51 a 19-liter turbocharged air-cooled diesel engine, developing 355 hp. Vehicle has a full-time all-wheel drive. Steered are front couple of axles. It has a central tyre inflation system, which can be operated on the move from the drivers station. This APC is not amphibious. It can operate in various climatic conditions, ranging from -40°C to +50°C.

TAM (Tovarna Automobilov Maribor) trucks first appeared in 1947, being Czechoslovakian Pragas built under licence. Production of these carried on until the early 1960s but in the meantime, in 1957, an agreement was formed with Klockner Humboldt Deutz to manufacture Magirus-Deutz designs, including Deutz air-cooled diesels, under licence.
Pragas were soon phased out. Models included 4x2, 4x4 and 6x6, the 4x4 and 6x6 being for both civilian and military use. In 1996 TAM became MPP Vozila d.o.o. after bankruptcy and a new group ot 14 smaller companies owned by the Slovakian Government carries on the production of TAM trucks. The main selling truck is the TAM 90T-50 in both 4x2 and 4x4 form.
TAM 110 T7 B/BV is a general purpose off-road lorry made by Slovenian vehicle manufacturer Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor (TAM). The four-wheel drive lorry is designed for transport of personnel, weapons and material as for traction of weapons and trailer up to 2.5 tons of weight (1.5 off-road) for the needs of the Yugoslav People's Army.
During 1965 the Department for Traffic of Federal Secretariat of People's Defense has formed work group with task to analyzes the unarmored vehicles of Yugoslav People's Army. the result of work group was the Study of non-combat vehicles and trailers in use with Yugoslav People's Army. The inferences of study were adopted by Main Military Technical Council in 1966. The study has concluded that there are 129 different vehicle marks in 320 types in service. A decision was made to reduce number of different vehicle marks in service by development of five vehicle classes: 0,75 tons 4x4 off-road vehicle, 1.5 tons 4x4 off-road truck, 3 tons 6x6 off-road truck, 6 tons 6x6 off-road truck and 9 tons 8x8 heavy off-road truck.
During the 1976 the plan for 1.5 tons 4x4 off-road truck was realized by Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor with TAM 110 T7 B/BV. It was developed from Magirus-Deutz design. TAM 150 T11 B/BV is a general purpose off-road lorry made by Slovenian vehicle manufacturer Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor (TAM). The six-wheel drive lorry is designed for transport of personnel, weapons and material as for traction of weapons and trailer up to 5 tons of weight (3 tons off-road) for the needs of the Yugoslav People's Army.
During 1965 the Department for Traffic of Federal Secretariat of People's Defense has formed work group with task to analyzes the unarmored vehicles of Yugoslav People's Army. the result of work group was the Study of non-combat vehicles and trailers in use with Yugoslav People's Army. The inferences of study were adopted by Main Military Technical Council in 1966. The study has concluded that there are 129 different vehicle marks in 320 types in service. A decision was made to reduce number of different vehicle marks in service by development of five vehicle classes: 0,75 tons 4x4 off-road vehicle, 1,5 tons 4x4 off-road truck, 3 tons 6x6 off-road truck, 6 tons 6x6 off-road truck and 9 tons 8x8 heavy off-road truck.
During the 1976 the plan for 1,5 tons 4x4 off-road truck was realized by Tovarna avtomobilov Maribor with TAM 110 T7 B/BV. It was developed from Magirus-Deutz design. On the same design the 3 tons 6x6 off-road truck known as TAM 150 T11 B/BV was produced in 1979.
TAM trucks were assigned a string of three variables, number-letter-number; for example, model 190 T 11.TAM vehicle naming convention
The first number represents engine power (in hp).
The letter T stands for the Slovenian word “tovornjak” (truck).
The second number (11) represents the maximum payload (in tons).

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