The Stoewer-Werk in Stettin was founded by Bernhard Stoewer senior for his sons Emil and Bernhard junior in 1896. It was the second Stoewer-Werk founded in Stettin. In 1899, automobile manufacture was started with the presentation of the Grosse Stoewer Motorwagen large Stoewer motor car. In the following time, Stoewer became famous for the production of high quality and sporty luxurious cars which competed on a par with Horch and Mercedes. Beginning in 1930, Stoewer developed and produced also small and middle class cars. As an example, the first passenger car with front wheel drive in Germany was made the Stoewer V 5. Mainly, Stoewer made cars by customer wish. Therefore, no larger series were made. In its 49-years existence, Stoewer realised many innovative and trend-setting developments. The history of Stoewer ended after WW II because Stettin was now located in the new Poland. Until that time, Stoewer had manufactured 41, 084 motor vehicles. Stoewer was also involved in armaments production. From 1935 to 1936, 900 Kbelwagen of the type M 12 RW were made. Nearly 11,000 l. gl. Pkw. followed from 1936 to 1944. In addition, 1,500 Sd. Kfz. 2 were made under license.
Due to the steady expansion of sewing machine output and to create additional capacity for bicycle production, Bernhard Stoewer Sen. founded a new enterprise in 1883. For it he chose a site in Neutorney, a district of Stettin only a few kilometres from the headquarters. At Neutorney there was plenty of building space, an important requirement for an expanding factory. Here parts of bicycles, machine tools and iron ovens for both domestic and industrial use were produced. At this new factory the founders two sons, Bernhard Stoewer Jun. and Emil Stoewer, were employed in managerial positions.
Founded in 1858 by Bernhard Stoewer , the company originally manufactured sewing machines, later branching out into typewriters and bicycles.
Stoewer then acquired a licence previously held by the recently-defunct Rohr company to build the Czech Tatra 1.5-liter flat-four economy car; this front-wheel-drive model was marketed as the Grief-Junior, and as such, outlived the Grief, which was discontinued in 1938.
In 1936 Stoewer factory developed the light off-road car (le.E.Pkw, leichter gelandegangiger Einheits-PKW) for the Wehrmacht, a versatile four-wheel drive car, initially equipped (to 1940) with four-wheel steering. Due to capacity-problems the cars had also been produced at BMW-Factory Eisenach ( Heinrich Ehrhardt - Founder ) as BMW 325 and by Hanomag in Hanover as Type 20 B.
Um die Typenvielfalt innerhalb der Wehrmacht zu verringern und um die zahlreichen Kubelwagen zivilen Ursprungs wie beispielsweise die Typen Mercedes-Benz 260 Stuttgart oder Wanderer W11, deren Gelandegangigkeit unzureichend war, abzulosen, entwickelte die Wehrmacht drei neue Pkw verschiedener Gewichtsklassen.
Der leichte Einheits-Pkw wurde ab 1936 von verschiedenen Firmen unter deren Bezeichnungen Stoewer R 180 und R 200 Spezial, BMW Typ 325 und Hanomag Typ 20 B produziert. Die Fahrzeuge hatten Einzelradaufhangung, Allradantrieb und Allradlenkung. Eine absolute Vereinheitlichung wurde nie erreicht, u.a. fanden vier verschiedene Motoren Verwendung.
Im Jahr 1940 wurde der leichte Einheits-Pkw uberarbeitet und in vereinfachter Form - ohne Allradlenkung - von Stoewer als "Typ 40" weitergebaut. Bei diesem war die Allradlenkung entfallen und die Seilzugbremsen durch Bremsen mit Oldruck ersetzt worden. Die Produktion wurde 1943 eingestellt, nachdem die komplizierte Technik durch den wesentlich wirtschaftlicheren VW Typ 82 uberflussig geworden war.
The biggest seller of all Stoewer cars was the LEPKW (Leicher Einheits-PKW, i.e. light standard car).
Boris Loutzkoy ...
Stoewer Histoty 1899-1945
Transmission: 5 speed ZF full time 4 wd Gearbox with 3 self locking differentials at each Axle and gear box. History: ...
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