Established in 1964 as Hefei Jianghuai Automobile Factory, its named was changed to Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co Ltd in 1997.
JAC has historically only produced commercial trucks (under the brand name Jianghuai), but MPVs and SUVs appeared in the 2000s. In 2009 a Pininfarina-designed city car, the JAC Tojoy, won numerous awards including the J.D. Power China Automotive Performance, Execution and Layout (APEAL) award.
In the 2000s JAC's flagship model was the Refine (Ruifeng), a license-built MPV based on the Hyundai H1/Starex. The restyled Ruifeng Gold of 2004 featured 60% Chinese parts content.
JAC announced a joint venture with Navistar International Corporation on 16 September 2010. It will manufacture heavy duty trucks and diesel engines in China.
Some exports are in the form of complete knock-down kits (CKDs), which are assembled at overseas factories in countries including Egypt and Vietnam, These factories are not necessarily owned by or affiliated with JAC. CKD exports are an easy way to gain access to developing markets without added after-sales service costs.