Analog Guy 6x4 COE truck

A Guy FBAX A.E.C - Marshall Albion - BY3 (and later BY5) Crossley IGL8 Karrier Leyland Retriever Thornycroft Tartar Garner 6-wheeled light Lorry Vulcan 6-wheeled light Lorry Scammell 6-wheel drive Lorry (Experimental)
1
2 <
3

British 6x4 lorries
Following lengthy discussions the war office issued a specification for a six wheeled lorry with a rigid chassis and a 6x4 layout in the early 1930s. To stimulate interest amongst commercial vehicle manufacturers a subsidy was offered to produce the vehicle as was the free use of a patented 1928 pattern W.D. articulated rear bogie mechanism.
Four manufacturers produced prototypes in 1932 namely; Leyland, Crossley, Karrier and A.E.C. Firm orders were placed in 1933 for the three ton, forward control, open cab vehicle. Seven companies ultimately manufactured vehicles to this specification and these became the
A.E.C Marshall
Crossley IGL8
Albion BY3 (and later BY5)
Leyland Retriever
Karrier CK6 Thorneycroft Tartar
Guy FABX.
The vehicles’ design was extremely conservative, almost antiquated in appearance in comparison with civilian vehicles of the period. The main detail differences between the manufacturers were in the design of the radiator grill and in the style of the front wheel hubs, though there were many other more subtle variations. In performance they were all similar. Later vehicles were also produced to the W.D. specification by Austin, the K3YF and Fordson, the WOT1, but these were of a normal control layout.
In peace-time the 6x4s would carry G.S. bodies but in the event of a war specialist bodies would be fitted and civilian impressed vehicles could then be used for general duties. This happened in 1939 and consequently a large number of 6x4s were lost at Dunkirk. These vehicles with their specialist bodies numbered amongst the 100,000 vehicles of all types lost in the French campaign. Immediately after Dunkirk British manufacturers were again called upon to produce replacement 6x4s. However, military thinking had now changed and the increasing value was placed upon vehicles with 4x2 and 4x4 wheel arrangement as this offered more flexibility and better off- road performance than the 6x4 arrangement. By 1940 the whole of the British Motor Industry was solely involved in military vehicle production and the major vehicle manufacturers; Bedford, Ford and Austin, were building militarised versions of their civilian lorry ranges in quantity, all of which were of a 4x2 and 4x4 arrangement. These were supplemented by 4x2 and 4x4 vehicles produced under C.M.P. programme. There was, therefore, little point in all of the smaller manufacturers continuing to produce limited quantities of 6x4 vehicles. It is likely that some were asked by the War Department to concentrate on the production of a single type of vehicle such as, for A.E.C. the Matador and for Crossley, the Q series. After 1941 production for the Army was standardised on only three types of 6x4 these were the
Leyland Retriever
Karrier CK6
Albion BY3/5 series.
These vehicles were still needed as the specialist bodies would not fit on to a 4x2 chassis, in particular the workshop and pontoon bodies. In the C.M.P series a 6x4 chassis was also produced and was primarily used for the specialist bodies. The R.A.F. continued to receive 6x4 vehicles though these were mainly the Fordson WOT 1 and later the Austin K6, off- road performance was not such an issue for them. Consequently some 6x4s with their specialist bodies had particularly long lives, in some cases lasting into the 1960s.

http://www.thornycroft.org.uk/Thornycroft%20Group%20E.htm
http://matadormodels.co.uk/tank_museum/6_british_6x4_1.htm
http://www.commercialmotor.com/big-lorry-blog/classic-military-trucks-on-big
Collections listing for "part of "MINISTRY OF SUPPLY (KIDBROOKE) COLLECTION
http://scammellregister.co.uk/history-of-scammell.html
http://www.tankograd.com/cms/website.php?id=/en/British-Military-Trucks-of-World-War-2.htm
Серия Военные машины. 1939-1945.Британские военные автомобили. Кащеев Л.Б. - Интернет издание

Внедорожные траспортные средства
(Land Locomotion – Mechanical Vehicle Mobility LL-MVM)
Cайт информационный, некоммерческий.
(На странице "commerc" размещены ссылки на отечественные коммерческие сайты)
Home